With the Farnsworth House begins a series of posts in which I will show you the most significant houses of the leading architects 20th century My intention with the articles of Houses with name is not only that you can admire the beauty of the works that I will be exposing, but to comment which were the contributions that its authors made to architecture and decoration.
In 1945 Dr. Edith Farnsworth commissioned Mies Van der Rohe a project to build a weekend retreat place near Chicago. The project was mostly completed in mid-1951.
The house is located in the middle of a plot of 24 hectares near a wide and mighty river that easily floods the plot. The back has forest views, while the main facade opens to a small meadow, which offers adequate distance to admire its magnificent proportions.
The house is composed of two white planes; The floor and the deck. It should be noted that it does not rest directly on the ground, but is slightly raised, conveying the feeling of being light and pure. In addition, in this way, it is protected from the constant flooding of the plain. Eight pillars support both planes without drilling them, just stick to them. This may seem like an unimportant detail, but it helps reinforce a very present concept in Mies, the spatial fluidity.
Being a second home the needs were quite lax; a kitchen, a bedroom, a living room, a dining room and a study are widely arranged around a wooden core in which the bathrooms are hidden. The surface of the interior space is 140 square meters, to which we must add the porch and the access terrace. This is at an intermediate height between the ground and the main platform, which is accessed through a series of linear steps.
As you can see, there are no exterior walls, but the perimeter is made entirely of glass and only a few curtains separate the exterior from the interior. Further, interior partitions have been dispensed with, just a small wooden core that houses the boiler, bathrooms, kitchen and fireplace. If we add to this that the pillars are outside the house, the result is that nothing split the space. The house is part of the forest and this, part of the house. The spatial fluidity taken to the extreme
Maintaining his philosophy of "less is more", Mies uses very few materials; the steel of the structure, the glass, the wood and, for the pavement, the bad call travertine marble, because it is a limestone that comes from sedimentation and not metamorphic like marble, being less porous and therefore more resistant to the weather and use.
Finally highlight the Special care that Mies put in all the elements of the project, from the structure to the furniture.
A sample of this can be seen in the kitchen, the stove is integrated in the countertop stainless steel so that it is perceived as a single continuous piece. In the bedroom, the bed, which we see here without a mattress, incorporates both the bedside table and a lovely lamp in stainless steel Look at the contrast that produces seeing a telephone of the time on the table, nobody would say that they are contemporary.
As an anecdote, review that the Dr. Farnsworth denounced Mies for almost doubling the initial budget, although bad tongues claim they were lovers, and that was his revenge when he stopped seeing her.